If you are confused in choosing between Panasonic Lumix GH4 vs GH5, you have come to the right place. In this article, we’ll discuss the differences between Panasonic Lumix GH4 and Panasonic Lumix GH5 to help you choose the best camera to fulfill your need. Both cameras have great stills, but they are especially attractive because of their video capabilities.
That said, Panasonic Lumix GH4 is older, while Panasonic Lumix GH5 is newer. Continue reading below to learn more about:
– The image sensor and processor in each camera
– The autofocus performance of Panasonic Lumix GH4 vs GH5
– The quality of the image stabilization in each camera
– The video quality and features on each camera
– The comparison of their electronic viewfinder and display
– The design and build quality of each model
– Which camera that gives a better value for the money
Image Sensor and Processor
Panasonic Lumix GH4 is equipped with a 16MP micro four-thirds sensor that has a low-pass filter. On the other hand, Panasonic Lumix GH5 comes with a 20.3MP micro four-thirds sensor without a low-pass filter. According to the company, the new sensor has not only a higher resolution, but also a 1.7X faster readout speed which can greatly reduce rolling shutter issues when taking still images with the electronic shutter and when recording videos. See also: Fujifilm XT10 vs XT1.
The resolution difference between Panasonic Lumix GH4 vs GH5 does not seem to be huge. However, the effect is still noticeable. With slightly more pixels and without a low-pass filter, Panasonic Lumix GH5 can deliver sharper and more detailed images.
Both models still have a similar ISO range. Their native ISO range is from ISO 200 to ISO 25,600. There is an extended low value that is equivalent to ISO 100.
Panasonic Lumix GH5 comes with a new Venus Engine processor. It is said to be 1.3X faster in processing data. It has the Multi-Pixel Luminance Generation technology, which is said to be able to render sharper images. It also has the Three Dimensional Colour Control technology, which is said to improve color accuracy by adjusting hue, saturation, and brightness. The new engine has 4X higher noise identification accuracy than the previous model, so we can expect better noise reduction performance.
Both Panasonic Lumix GH4 vs GH5 deploy the Depth from Defocus (DfD) technology for their autofocus systems. Apparently, Panasonic hasn’t put much interest in phase detection autofocus. The DfD technology relies on contrast detection. In general, they work very well and are reliable, except when tracking fast moving subjects and when shooting in difficult light conditions.
Panasonic Lumix GH4 is among the first generation that uses a DfD autofocus system. It has 49 focus points. It has a drive speed of 240fps in theautofocus mode.
Panasonic Lumix GH5 comes with significant improvements. It has 225 focus points, and it also implements a new algorithm which increases the drive speed to 480fps. In other words, the autofocus is twice faster than the previous model. The company says that the improvements are also beneficial for video recording.
Furthermore, Panasonic Lumix GH5 comes with four customizable AF presets, which are not available on the previous model. You can adjust the AF area switching sensitivity, moving object prediction, and overall AF sensitivity on each preset.
The improvements don’t end there. Both GH4 and GH5 have a maximum continuous shooting speed of 12fps in the Single AF mode. However, in the Continuous AF mode, Panasonic Lumix GH4 only has a photo burst speed of 7 fps while Panasonic Lumix GH5 is slightly faster at 9 fps. Plus, its buffer capacity has been increased as well; the GH4 can only take up to 40 RAW shots while the GH5 can take up to 100 RAW shots.
When Panasonic Lumix GH4 was released, the technology for a built-in image sensor stabilization was not yet properly developed. Hence, Panasonic Lumix GH4 doesn’t have any built-in image stabilization. It relies on stabilized Lumix lenses.
Panasonic Lumix GH5 is very interesting because it owns a second-generation Dual IS 2, which combines sensor and optical stabilization to create a robust image stabilization system with 5 stops. Impressively, the system can maintain the 5 stops up to 280mm with particular Mega OIS lenses. So, Panasonic Lumix GH5 is definitely a lot more robust and reliable for hand-held stills and videos.
Perhaps the biggest difference between Panasonic Lumix GH4 vs GH5 is their video recording capabilities. Well, when it was released, Panasonic Lumix GH4 was really impressive with its 4K capabilities. However, Panasonic Lumix GH5 has brought even more impressive features into the table.
Panasonic Lumix GH4 is able to record videos in 4K with an 8-bit compression. It has a maximum frame rate of 30fps and a maximum bitrate of 100Mbps. You can use the HDMI output or the optional YAGH interface in order to get higher frame rate and better compression quality.
Panasonic Lumix GH5 has unleashed the full 4K power, while also introducing some 6K capabilities. It is able to record in 4K with 60fps frame rate and 150Mbps bitrate, hence practically eliminating the need of an external recorder. In addition, the firmware updates have also allowed Panasonic Lumix GH5 to record in 4K at 24fps, 400Mbps with a 10-bit compression for significantly improved color quality.
Both models are able to record slow-motion videos in Full HD. Panasonic Lumix GH4 can reach a maximum of 96fps in this mode. Meanwhile, Panasonic Lumix GH5 has a maximum frame rate of 180fps for the slow-motion video recording.
The 6K capabilities on Panasonic Lumix GH5 are still rather limited. First, it can use the entire sensor surface to record 6K videos at 24p in an anamorphic format. Second, it can perform 6K photo burst at 30fps using the H.265 codec, so the compression quality is supposedly better. The 4K/6K photo burst on Panasonic Lumix GH5 also has sophisticated features, such as noise reduction and rolling shutter correction without affecting the angle of view.
Finally, one big improvement is on the crop factor. Panasonic Lumix GH4 still has a sensor crop when recording videos in 4K. On the other hand, Panasonic Lumix GH5 does not have any sensor crop, so you can keep the native FoV of your micro four-thirds lenses.
EVF and Display
Improvements are also found in the electronic viewfinder (EVF) and rear display. Panasonic Lumix GH5 has an impressive EVF and also a very nice display screen.
Panasonic Lumix GH4 ‘only’ has a 2.36 million dot OLED EVF, which provides a magnification of 0.67X. This is good enough for easy framing. The camera also has a 3-inch touchscreen with a 1 million dot resolution.
Panasonic Lumix GH5 is the first mirrorless camera in the market to have an impressively high OLED EVF resolution of 3.68 million dots. The magnification is also increased to 0.76X. It has an improved optical design to enhance the image detail and clarity on the corners. Hence, it will be very convenient and reliable in framing. Panasonic Lumix GH5 comes with a 3.2-inch touchscreen, which has a resolution of 1.6 million dots.
Thanks to the larger display screen, Panasonic Lumix GH5 can have a new menu system which looks more professional and is easier to use. It can show 8 items per page, instead of just 5, so it involves less scrolling.
Design and Build
Both Panasonic Lumix GH4 and Panasonic Lumix GH5 have robust magnesium alloy housings. Both models are resistant to dust and splash. However, Panasonic Lumix GH5 is also freeze-proof to -10oC.
Compared to the predecessor, Panasonic Lumix GH5 is a little bit larger and heavier. It has a new battery grip accessory which is generally more ergonomic and more comfortable to use. It has larger controls, and there is a new AF joystick.
Panasonic Lumix GH4 only has one SD card slot and only supports UHS-I. On the other hand, Panasonic Lumix GH5 comes with two SD card slots, both of which support UHS-II for higher file saving speed.
There is one cool new trick on Panasonic Lumix GH5: you can customize what files that you save to each SD card slot. For example, you can save only video files in one memory card and save still shots in the other one. You can also record continuously from the first memory slot to the second memory slot, or record simultaneously on both memory slots.
Both Panasonic Lumix GH4 and Panasonic Lumix GH5 have built-in Wi-Fi, which will allow you to connect the camera to your mobile device for file transfer or remote control. However, Panasonic Lumix GH5 now also comes with built-in Bluetooth, which will allow you to set up a constant connection between the camera and your smartphone or tablet.
Panasonic Lumix GH4 vs GH5
There are lots of improvements and upgrades that Panasonic Lumix GH5 brings. It makes almost everything better. It offers better image quality, faster overall performance, and new video features. It will give you the full 4K capabilities as well as some new 6K features. So, Panasonic Lumix GH5 is definitely worth the money.